Accessible to healthy foods seems to become more difficult due to lower demand, as it can be observe on current environments especially in cities, with altered concept of healthy eating diet on young lads affect by commercials. Invasion of fast food, processed food, snacks industries with high salt/calories/sugar products creates excessive intake for consumer and increasing percentage of obesity issue.
With excessive intake, burden on kidney will increased and might decreased the performance of kidney’s function without action of taking care of it. Why there are lack of attention and awareness from public regarding this issue? As mentioned by Dr. McDougall, “Little or no attention is given to what the patient eats, because primary and ongoing medical training never covers profit-free diet therapy.”
“In addition, kidney patients have a very high incidence of developing atherosclerosis, heart disease, and strokess–conditions all accelerated by eating high-fat, high-cholesterol animal foods. Substituting vegetable for animal protein decreases cholesterol which can be expected to translate into better heart health.” (Dr. McDougall, Diet and Kidney Health)
Checkout symptoms of kidney function declines listed below, do mind the sysmtoms are very general and may caused by other illness. If you are experiencing many of these symptoms and got worsen gradually, do get a health check.
12 Symptoms of Kidney Premature Breaking Down
Changes in Urination: increase or decrease in amount and/or its frequency, especially at night. Urine may be foamy or bubbly or contain blood
Swelling: Kidneys remove wastes and extra fluid from the body. When they are unable to do so, this extra fluid will build up causing swelling in hands, feet, ankles or face
Fatigue: kidneys produce a hormone called erythropoietin which helps make red blood cells that carry oxygen. In kidney disease lower levels of erythropoietin causes decreased red blood cells in body resulting in anaemia. There is decreased oxygen delivery to cells causing generalised weakness and extreme fatigue
Dizziness & Inability to concentrate: Anaemia associated with kidney disease also depletes brain of oxygen which may cause dizziness, trouble with concentration
Feeling cold all the time: feel cold even when in a warm surrounding due to anaemia. Pyelonephritis (kidney infection) may cause fever with chills
Skin rashes and itching: waste that build-up in blood can causes severe itching and skin rashes
Ammonia breath and metallic taste: Kidney failure increases level of urea in the blood (uraemia). This urea is broken down to ammonia in the saliva causing urine-like bad breath called ammonia breath. It is also usually associated with an unpleasant metallic taste (dysgeusia) in the mouth
Nausea and vomiting: build-up of waste products in blood in kidney disease can also cause nausea and vomiting. Loss of appetite can lead to weight loss
Shortness of breath: Kidney disease causes fluid to build up in the lungs. And second, anemia (a shortage of oxygen-carrying red blood cells) can leave your body oxygen-starved and short of breath
Pain in Leg or Flank: may have pain in the upper back (where the kidneys are) or on the same side as the affected kidney
Chest Pain: due to inflammation around the heart (read: Diseases and Conditions That May cause Chest Pain, mentioned Mitral Valve Prolapse may not caused chest pain)
Numbness in Feet or Hands: due to peripheral neuropathy
Stages of Kidney Failure
1) Early stages of kidney failure – small amount of kidney damage, although GFR may be normal
Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of kidney disease, blood tests can be normal.
There may be scarring and blockages that change blood flow to parts of the kidney so they don’t work as well as they should.
There is an increased risk of heart disease.
2) Middle stages of kidney failure – sometimes discovered because level of waste product in the blood rises
Some people begin to feel unwell and notice an increase in urine frequency.
Blood pressure can rise as the kidneys slow down. High blood pressure further increases the risk of heart disease, heart attack and stroke.
Early signs of bone disease may be present.
Anaemia may appear, caused when there are not enough red blood cells in the blood to carry oxygen around the body. Symptoms include weakness, fatigue and a shortness of breath.
3) Later stages of kidney failure
High blood pressure almost always occurs.
You may start to notice changes in the amount of urine you pass.
Lack of energy, increased tiredness and reduced appetite are common symptoms.
You may need to make dietary changes, including limiting the use of salt or reducing the amount of potassium or phosphorus in your diet.
4) End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD)
The kidneys are only functioning at 10-15 per cent of their capacity and are unable to properly filter waste products, remove extra water from the body and help maintain the blood’s chemical balance.
This is the time to consider commencing dialysis or having a kidney transplant.